Organic farming focuses on grape production without the use of synthetic chemicals like pesticides or herbicides. It favors more natural methods to preserve biodiversity and soil health. On the other hand, biodynamics goes further by considering the vine as a living organism in harmony with the environment. It incorporates esoteric practices such as using lunar calendars to guide agricultural work.
Both organic farming and biodynamics offer numerous advantages. They reduce the environmental impact of viticulture, often yield higher-quality grapes, and meet the growing consumer demand for more natural wines. However, these approaches often require more labor and equipment investments, which can be challenging for many winemakers. In fact, according to a survey, 6% of certified organic vintners are considering leaving organic farming within five years. Winemakers mention increased labor needs and equipment investment, which can be an economic challenge in a bio food market in crisis for the past 18 months. It is essential to recognize that the tight economic context, including inflation and rising energy costs, can impact farmers’ priorities.
It’s worth noting that alongside these 6%, 19% of vintners are certified organic in 2023, an increase of 2 points compared to 2021. 51% of vintners have an environmental certification, while 12% wish to obtain one. Currently, 41% of vintners display the High Environmental Value (HVE) certification. Therefore, it is important to note that most farmers remain committed to organic farming, and new conversions, such as biodynamics, are in progress.
In an era where winemakers face such challenges, PWS places great importance on supporting our French winemakers by working with many specialized in organic as well as biodynamic farming.